Prodrome and aura constitute preictal symptomatology of migraines. The objective of this clinical review is to examine the diagnostic and therapeutic significance of preictal symptomatology in children with migraines. The systemic review of the literature identified a single study in children with migraines. The majority studies were in adults. Based on our search and longitudinal clinical observation, we describe the clinical characteristics of diagnostic and therapeutic significance of preictal symptoms and various types of auras in migraines. Such significance can be substantially increased by including prodromal physical signs in children with migraines. Future studies’ methodology should include physical signs in addition to symptoms and identify the spectrum of the various auras, and relate to their temporal association with ictal and postictal phases of migraines. In addition these clinical parameters should be statistically analyzed.
Surya N Gupta, Vikash S Gupta and Gira Borad